Goods and/or vehicles entering or leaving the Customs Territory of the Republic of Turkey are subject to certain procedures within the framework of customs rules. In particular, when defining the transactions to which the goods will be subjected, all of these transactions are called “clearance procedures”.
What Does Customs Clearance Include?
Essentially, the goods under customs supervision are subject to a “customs-approved treatment or use” specified in the Customs Law. These transactions are; It means placing the goods under a customs procedure, placing them in a free zone, destroying, re-exporting or leaving them at the customs. The definition of customs transactions covers these transactions.
Customs procedures such as exporting, importing, subjecting the goods to internal or external processing regime, temporary importation, transit, placing in warehouse are procedures that have different procedures from each other.
Who Can Follow Customs Transactions?
Customs procedures; Direct representatives (company representatives) acting on behalf of and on behalf of someone else, and indirect representatives, ie customs consultants, who act on their own behalf but on behalf of someone else, can follow up and conclude. Customs brokers provide various services while performing customs clearance procedures.
Representatives are persons residing in the Customs Territory of Turkey, with the exception of persons engaged in transit transportation or making an accidental declaration. Land, sea and airline companies and representatives of shipping companies can only follow up the transit transactions of the goods they transport through direct representation.
Direct representatives may be persons who are legally authorized to represent the company, or they may be employees who have the company’s representation. Customs Brokers, on the other hand, can carry out customs procedures by presenting the power of attorney given to them to the customs administrations.
Customs procedures of the goods subject to postal and express cargo transportation, the amount and value of which are determined according to the law, can be concluded by the postal administration or companies engaged in fast cargo transportation, without submitting a power of attorney, as an indirect representative.
What are Customs Clearance Services?
Customs brokerage companies provide customs clearance services. After giving a power of attorney to the customs consultants in order to carry out the customs clearance procedures, the customs consultants act on their own behalf and act in the customs administrations on behalf of the person who gave them the power of attorney.
The works they do; Determination of the Customs Tariff Statistics Position (GTİP) before issuing the customs declaration, tax and procedure analysis according to the customs regime to which the goods will be subjected, application and follow-up of permits or compliances, if any, handling, advice, consultancy, issuance of customs declaration, When necessary, they perform many customs procedures such as inspection of the goods, taking samples, tracking for sending them to laboratory analysis, receiving the goods from the customs office, completing the exportation procedures of the goods.
What are Customs Clearance Fees and Customs Clearance Costs?
Customs Brokers receive customs brokerage service fees under various codes and names, provided that there is no fee below the minimum wage tariff that is renewed every year for the work they do. Customs clearance fees (customs brokerage service fees); are classified under the headings of import transactions, export transactions, transit transactions, customs warehouse transactions, special transactions and consultancy fees.
In addition to the customs consultancy service fee, for the customs transactions they carry out; They pay some fees to temporary storage places, agencies, transportation companies, and also pay fees to customs administrations under names such as customs duty, stamp duty, VAT, SCT, fee, banderole fee, KKDF, overtime fee, traveler, laboratory analysis fee.
Also; In return for the services provided by the post office or fast cargo transport companies for customs procedures that are declared without a power of attorney and followed and concluded by the postal administration or fast cargo transportation companies; customs consultancy, delivery order, terminal etc. They cannot charge additional fees under their names, under no circumstances, for some transactions, and for some transactions, they cannot charge a warehouse fee for the first three days from the date of notification of the shipment to the buyer.
Customs Clearance Firms for Customs Clearance
As of February 2020, there are 3607 customs consultants in Turkey. 2321 customs consultants provide customs consultancy services in Istanbul and its surroundings, 400 customs consultants in the Aegean Region, and 491 customs consultants in Central Anatolia and Central Mediterranean as an individual or legal entity.
Customs brokers can continue their professional activities as individuals or legal entities, depending on the customs brokers associations established in accordance with the Customs Law. Professional activities of customs brokers in Istanbul affiliated to Istanbul Customs Brokers Association (IGMD)